Agriculture and livestock sectors have suffered a significant decline in various Syrian territories in general, and in the liberated areas, in particular. Many are the reasons that contributed to this decline: administrative, security, and logistic. The following are among them:
- The high cost of fuel
- Shortage in the production needs in general (seeds, fertilizers and agricultural drugs).
- Shortage fodders and needs of animal breeding.
- Livestock trade activity halted.
- Power supply fully stopped.
- Many professions that serve the sector of agriculture have stopped, whether industrial or handicrafts.
- Large Parts of agricultural land are now conflict zones.
- Lack of funds that help farmers support their projects.
- The absence of agricultural administrative procedures or official bodies.
- The lack of systematic policies for agricultural activity
- The absence of donors who that fully fund agricultural projects.
- Decline of vegetation due to fires and illegal logging.
- Chaos and unclear vision regarding legislation in general.
The above-mentioned facts raised the rate of unemployment, and made people dependent on food-baskets. This seriously threatens the productivity of individuals, where most producers turned into consumers.
To make sure people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives the Eradication of hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition; the elimination of poverty and the driving forward of economic and social progress for all; and, the sustainable management and utilization of natural resources, including land, water, air, climate and resources for the benefit of emergency affected populations and future generation.
Assistance Coordination Unit has been working to raise self-sufficiency and reliance on local resources. ACU aims to replace external food baskets with baskets of local products. ACU also supported agriculture in several areas, like wheat planting in most Syrian provinces, and potato planting in Aleppo Province, which was later the nucleus for establishing directorates of seed multiplication in many Syrian provinces.
Supporting agriculture in besieged areas had the largest share of ACU’s work, where it is difficult to provide in-kind assistance. In these areas, ACU supports seasonal agriculture, wheat planting, and other crops through developmental projects executed by well-organized and experienced partners. This experience guarantees the rotation of support for money years to come, which in turn contributes to the enhancement of food security, employment, prices stability and monopoly elimination. ACU has also supported the establishment agricultural extension centers and pharmacies to bring back farmers’ trust in this sector.
In the field of livestock
ACU supported quality projects in the field of livestock, like fattening sheep and calves. It also supported the establishment of veterinary centers that supervise vaccination campaigns, medicine distribution, and fodders sale at a subsidized price. The latters helped bring back animal breeders’ trust with the presence of specialized centers that supervise their work and help them whenever difficulties come in their way. This also helped breeders get back to their breeding profession, and consequently increased the livestock.