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With the lingering war, its bitter reality and unprecedented level of agony, winter approaches again to cast its long shadow over the IDPs camps in northern Syria, add to the existing natural disasters there and weigh heavily on their IDPs.

Hence, and in cooperation with AFAD (Republic of Turkey Ministry of Interior Disaster and Emergency Management Authority), the IMU of the ACU issues its “Northern Syria Camps DYNAMO Report”.

This report reflects the conditions of 320 camps assessed in Aleppo and Idleb governorates by covering multiple sectors and relevant details and circumstances and supporting them with visualized figures and shapes to maximize the impact of the response, perfect its timeliness and proportionality with the size of needs and numbers of IDPs and prevent the risks of the many disasters which taken many lives and added to their tragedies.

The report includes general information on the camps, their residents and suffered difficulties in winter 2019, in addition to the status of the WASH, food security and health sectors and winterization needs there. The report is concluded with some recommendations based on comparing the conditions of those camps with the Sphere Project standards.

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With the onset of winter, to mark a new year seasons’ cycle, welcomed and liked by many, it nevertheless equally marks another round of suffering and hardship for the IDPs and forcibly displaced people, to the extent that, contrary to those many who like it; it is for all people staying in camps unwelcomed and disliked. In every year a number of camp residents lose their lives because of the cold. In 2015, the storm named Huda hit the Middle East and resulted in the death of 15 IDPs in the Syrian camps, found with their bodies frozen in the cold. Likewise, in 2016, 3 newborns were reported dead in the northern Syrian camps. Similarly, in the winter of 2017, 3 cases of people falling dead were recorded in the camps of Qah, Kherbet Aljouz, and Jarablus. Syrians staying in the northern camps are experiencing deteriorating situations; increasing in numbers every year with ebbing support provided to help them through. Most of the time the humanitarian organizations would respond or take action when it is too late, i.e. after the disaster would have taken place, and roads are closed, and it becomes practically impossible to get access to the support-needs destination; a delay that results in people falling to their death due to the cold weather.

The IMU of the ACU, issues its fourth edition of the “Winter Needs in the Northern Syrian Camps” report, addressing 234 camps in the governorates of Aleppo and Idleb. The report brings to light the most important items that IDPs are in need for in terms of type and quantities, according to international standards for humanitarian response. It furthermore, brings emphasis to bear on the course of action that IDPs, as well as the camp management teams, should follow to drive down the effects of natural disasters that may put their lives at risk. Noting that the number of families that ACU enumerators were able to assess their needs reached 46,145 families, making up an overall individual number of 252,052 IDPs.

 

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The Information Management Unit of the ACU issued Harim District DYNAMO, a multi-sectorial report that sheds light upon the activities of Humanitarian Agencies and active bodies in four main cities – Harim, Salqin, Dana and Qourqeena – that are considered centers for their sub-districts along with four small villages in the same sub-districts respectively – Ariba, Delbiya, Selwa and Sardin – in Harim District in Idleb Governorate. It also compares the repercussion of support provided on services, priorities of the different sectors and the justice in the distribution of services.

In an attempt to study the gap in the interventions of Humanitarian Agencies and active bodies in Northern Syria along with their concentration in specific geographical areas, Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) were conducted in the above-mentioned cities and villages. In addition, 134 perception surveys were conducted (78% males and 22% females. 69% host community and 31% IDPs) to cast light on the sectors of demographics, health, water & sanitation, bakeries, education and infrastructure. It was found out that support is focused within the main cities and absent in the villages, resulting in the deterioration of humanitarian conditions and services in theses villages.

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This Euphrates Shield Area DYANO report addresses the general situation in the geographical zone, which has been given that name after the military operation carried out over that territory. The report covers three districts: A’zaz, Jarblur, and Al Bab, which incorporate eight sub-districts, including: Aghtrin, A’zaz, Al Bab, Ar-Ra’ee, Ghandorah, Jarablus, Suran, and Mare’. This besides its engulfing the camps exiting in the said geographical zone.

The report sheds lights in details on prevailing conditions and the needs the residents in the said areas as well as the IDPs are in want for during the months of May and June 2017. The report is divided into two parts: the districts and the camps. The former section of the report looks into the demography, food security, health, water, sanitation, education, shelter, non-food items, infrastructure and the priorities of each of the said sectors. The second part somewhat similarly discusses demography, food security, health, water, sanitation, education, shelter, non-food items and those sectors’ priorities.

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The Information Management Unit of the Assistance Coordination Unit issued a Panoramic Report on Busra Esh-Sham City located in Dar’a Governorate. The report reflects the living conditions in the city during November and December 2017. The report covers in analysis several sections: Active Civilian actors, Demography, Health, Food Security, Education, and the Infrastructure, which incorporates Water sector, Sewage System, Solid Waste, Electricity, and Public Roads Network. This report aims at drawing the attention of the decision-makers to the civil actors in the city of Busra Esh-Sham and to enable them to manage the community and provide necessary infrastructure needs and services to the community people.

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The Information Management Unit of the Assistance Coordination Unit issued a Panoramic Report on Ma’arrat An Nu’man City located in Idleb Governorate. The report reflects the living conditions in the city during November and December 2017. The report consists of several sections which are: The Active Civilian actors, Demography, Health, Food Security, Education, Infrastructure that contains Water sector, Sewage System, Solid Waste, Electricity, and Public Roads Network. This report aims to draw the attention of the decision-makers to the civil actors in the city of Ma’arat An Nu’man and to enable them to manage the community and provide the necessary infrastructure and services to the inhabitants.

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The Information Management Unit (IMU) of the Assistance Coordination Unit (ACU) conducted a multi-sectoral assessment for the sixth release of its periodical Dynamic Monitoring Report (DYNAMO). A total of 105 sub-districts within 11 governorates were assessed to give a comprehensive account of the humanitarian situation there, and to inform a proper response in all sectors.

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The Information Management Unit (IMU) of the Assistance Coordination Unit (ACU) conducted a
multi-sectoral assessment for the fifth release of its quarterly-issued Dynamic Monitoring Report
(DYNAMO). A total of 94 sub-districts within 10 governorates were assessed to give a comprehensive
account of the humanitarian situation there, and to inform a proper response in all sectors.
This assessment was funded by the ACU and included consultation with the sector leads of the
working groups and other humanitarian partners…


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The ongoing conflict taking-place in Syria has instigated one of the most exacting humanitarian crisis in world history since World War II. According to the evaluation of overall humanitarian needs issued by United Nations Office for Humanitarian Affairs in 2015, humanitarian needs have risen ten folds since the onset of the Syrian crisis. The number of Syrian people in need of humanitarian assistance has reached twelve million and two hundred thousand people, five million of them are children. The Syrian crisis was responsible for the displacement of about ten million and eight hundred thousand people, seven million and six hundred thousand of them are IDPs; making the Syrian crisis one of the biggest displacement crises in the world.

The Information Management Unit (IMU) of the Assistance Coordination Unit (ACU) has conducted a comprehensive assessment study in order to assess public needs at the village level adopting a methodology similar, largely, to that of data collection and analysis methodology used in periodic monitoring procedures. This report was issued based on a three-month process of data collection that included Aleppo and its 13 sub-districts.

The main objective of this special assessment is to narrow down the circle of information into a smaller, more focused one, to understand the situation at hand more clearly. In addition to identifying areas of problem more specifically; which, in turn, can provide better guidance on how to direct needs more effectively compared to the regular, wide scale and more general assessments on the level of region or sub-district.

This report offers detailed information on each of the targeted sectors and includes the following points:

  • The number of villages included in the study is 222 villages, distributed over 13 sub-districts. The largest number of villages is located in Tall Ed-daman which encompasses 57 villages, leaving Zarbah with only 26. We were able to cover 86% of the targeted villages.
  • The current number of population in the targeted villages has reached 1,573,740 people, with Jebel Saman having the highest population density of 429,969 people. In comparison with the 2,687,883 people registered in 2011, a clear decrease in population can be noticed. There has been a decrease by 1,114,143 people as a direct result of displacement, evacuation and killing due to military actions and bombardment these villages have witnessed.
  • The villages were generally accessible in terms of humanitarian assistance. Only five villages were not accessible in the sub-districts of Suran, Mare’, Haritan and Tall Ed-daman.
  • There are basically four villages in Aleppo Province. The strongest power dominating these villages is ISIL, which controls 52% of the Province, while the Opposition Forces controls 21%, while the control in the rest of the Province is shared between the regime and the Kurdish forces.
  • The health sector is suffering a continuous state of deterioration, which affects the entire country. According to the Syrian Network for Human Rights, the number of wounded people has exceeded one million, not to mention the damages that have affected 64% of the hospitals, 40% of them are out of order, as stated in one of the UN statistical studies. Some 46% of the villages in the study were found to suffer from minor lack of health care while 52% of the villages suffered significant shortages in that domain. The villages that suffered severe lack of health care causing mortalities have reached 2%, mostly in Atareb Sub-district, despite their access to humanitarian aid. In terms of diseases and medical disorders, skin diseases and leishmaniasis were found to be the most prevalent among the villages covered, 36%, whereas respiratory complaints came second at 23%, giving chronic diseases the third place at 22%..

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A total of 104 areas across Syria were assessed in order to give a comprehensive account of the humanitarian situation there, and to inform a proper response in all sectors. The total population in the assessed areas was about 11.5 million. More than 34% of them were IDPs.

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