Nutrition Surveillance System Definition
The nutrition surveillance system was established in mid-2017 to investigate and monitor the nutritional status of children under the age of 5 on a regular basis and as part of the EWARN.
It is a continuous system of information creation that reflects the size, distribution and causes of malnutrition among the population at present and in the future, for policy formulation, program planning, management and evaluation.
The proposed nutrition surveillance system is linked to the disease surveillance system of the selected surveillance sites and is developed to enable community-based surveillance in areas highly threatened by malnutrition.
- Evaluate moderate and severe acute malnutrition and bilateral edema in children under the age of 5.
- Reduce mortality due to acute malnutrition in children under the age of 5.
- Follow-up the cases detected and transmitted after two weeks of referral, to assess the adequacy and quality of case management services.
Pilot phase: It is conducted within 15 health centers distributed at seven governorates and lasts only two weeks.
Routine Phase 1: Based on a survey of the mid-humerus (MUAC) and edema in children aged 6-59 months who visit 100 health centers in 7 governorates where these data are collected and analyzed to reach the nutritional status of each trends analysis areas. This phase lasts 3 months.
Routine Phase 2: At this stage, nutritional surveillance is extended to communities where there is a risk of malnutrition due to aggravating factors. Other work curves are added, which are height and weight with follow-up work in previous centers, as well as surveys in areas where results indicate that they are within the priority of community-wide malnutrition screening.
The program produces a technical report, as well as a monthly bulletin, both in English and Arabic.