The project was implemented under a $ 10 million grant at the beginning of 2015, when the suffering of displaced a and besieged Syrians was at its climax.
The ACU met its continuing entitlements. The effect of this grant has had a clear and significant impact. The administration and cadres have begun to work to reverse them with all responsibility and perseverance.
The ACU dealt with this cash grant to suit the situation inside Syria, especially the besieged areas, the hard-to-reach areas and the camps for which 75% of the grant was allocated. The food security share of the grant was about 3.5 million USD.
Food Security and Livelihoods (FSL)
The importance of the FSL sector comes from the increasing need for food, with 9.8 million people suffering from food insecurity, 6.8 million in high-priority areas and 4.8 million in hard-to-reach areas. Humanitarian needs increased by 31 percent for the same year period according to the Humanitarian Response Plan (RESPONSE PLAN 2015) issued by OCHA. The needs were met through many relief projects and those related to food, such as agriculture and livestock projects. The details of those project are herein;
Emergency Cash Intervention for Food Security in Besieged Areas and Difficult Access:
The project worked to support the resilience of the besieged and the hard-to-reach areas through emergency monetary intervention in favor of food security. The project contributed to the elimination of malnutrition factors as a result of the suffocating siege imposed on the rural areas of Damascus and Al-Wa’r neighborhood in Homs governorate and the northern countryside of Homs where the project sought to secure foodstuffs and milk for the most vulnerable groups in these areas, where the number of beneficiaries was 160133 people.
The project focused on the promotion of the FSL and self-sufficiency concept and supported the cultivation of wheat in the besieged areas using local crops to resist the policy of siege and starvation applied by the Syrian regime. The project contributed to securing the wheat necessary to produce bread, which is considered the basic foodstuff. The targeted areas were the eastern and western Ghouta in the governorate of Damascus Rural in addition to the northern countryside of Homs. The production was estimated at 1320 tons of wheat.
The project focused on the promotion of the FSL and self-sufficiency concept and supporting the reclamation of agricultural lands and seasonal crops such as growing beans and tomatoes and securing seedlings for domestic agriculture. The project targeted the western Ghouta in the governorate of Damascus Rural in addition to the besieged Al-Wa’r neighborhood in Homs governorate and Yarmouk camp in south of Damascus. The number of beneficiaries was 15 thousand people.
The project focused on the promotion of the FSL and self-sufficiency concept in the livestock sector by supporting the livestock in the besieged areas and using the products to help the trapped people with animal protein, milk and meat through
(growing cows, sheep and chickens, agricultural and veterinary pharmacies).
The project targeted Al -Ghouta, Zabadani and Barada Valley in the governorate of Damascus Rural and AL Qaboun district in Damascus in addition to the northern countryside of Homs governorate. The number of beneficiaries was 100 thousand people.
With the liberation of many Syrian areas, they have been exposed of to all forms of systematic barbaric shelling, which has not distinguished the civilian from the armed. That led to the fall of large numbers of wounded and injured, in addition to the destruction of infrastructure, as 57% of public hospitals either have been working either partially or out of service according to the HeRAMS report, which was below the required level in some areas even before the crisis began.
In addition to all of the above, most of the medicines factories have been damaged, discharged from service, and the economic situation of the citizens has deteriorated. More than 60% of Syrian citizens are living below the poverty line, added to the absence of safe water sources, medical staffs and the siege imposed by the Syrian regime on some areas, which led to the shortage of basic nutritional needs of citizens in general, especially children and infants, where 63% of obstetric care centers became out of service, according to PHC Center Assessment, September 2014.
Consequently, the provision of health services becomes vital and an absolute priority especially in the besieged areas. Based on this reality, that the Health department of the ACU has conducted an accurate assessment of the health reality inside Syria in general and the hard-to-reach areas.
A three-monthes response plan has been put in place to meet the most pressing and important health needs and ensure that health services continue to be provided in all areas, even with minimum life-saving standards through the following:
Hospitals and Trauma Centers Support :
The project supported hospitals and trauma treatment centers operating in the Syrian interior with operational expenses (wages of cadres, fuel, medical equipment, restoration and maintenance).
In addition to supporting the establishment of new hospitals within the project of safe hospitals, a group of underground hospitals to protect them from shelling.
The project came in response to the continuous need to provide ambulance, emergent and cold surgeries in light of the increasing number of wounded due to indiscriminate shelling and in response to the deterioration of the health situation in the areas under the control of the opposition, especially in the besieged areas where these areas lack the most basic medical needs due to the unjust siege imposed on them.
The project contributed also to solving the problem of medical personnel leakage due to difficult living and security conditions. The Humanitarian Response Plan (SYRIA RESPONSE PLAN 2015) of the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) indicates that approximately 1 million people in Syria will need trauma treatment within one year. The 2015 HeRAMS report also noted that 57% of public hospitals have been either working either partially or they become out of service. The project targeted liberated and besieged areas in the governorates of Damascus, Damascus Rural , Homs, Daraa, Quneitra, Aleppo, Idlib, Hama and Lattakia. Approximately 4,000 cold and extensive surgeries were performed within 3 months and emergency medical services were provided to approximately 30,000 patients within 3 months.
Primary Health Care System Support:
The project provided necessary support to complete the vaccination campaigns (poliomyelitis – measles) and contributed to the access to the expanded vaccination program where the support of the operational expenses (wages of cadres, fuel, equipment and rehabilitation of the primary health care centers) and the protection of children from communicable diseases and immunization through vaccination campaigns in addition to its contribution to solving the problem of lack of health services for children and pregnant women in liberated areas. The project was distributed in several areas such as the besieged Qaboun district in Damascus governorate, in addition to the western suburbs of Damascus, the city of Aleppo, the southern suburbs of Aleppo, the Qastal area in the countryside of Lattakia, the governorate of Daraa and the countryside of Idlib, in addition to serving Syrian refugees in the areas of Arsal and Bekaa in Lebanon. The medical services were provided to 90,000 persons for 3 months.
The Ambulance System and Medical Points Support :
The project provides support for operating expenses (cadres, fuel, maintenance) of ambulance systems that transport wounded from injury sites to hospitals, or to neighboring countries.
It also supports the operational expenses of emergency medical points on the front lines. The first aid is provided to the injured until evacuated to the nearest hospital. The project helped in solving the problem of large numbers of wounded in one fell swoop due to indiscriminate shelling and therefore the need for targeted ambulances capable of keeping pace with the wounded. It also helped to meet the need for first aid services on the front lines, thus saving lives. The project targeted the areas of the besieged eastern Ghouta ,Western Ghouta and the Northern countryside of Qalmoun in the governorate of Damascus, in addition to the governorate of Quneitra and the governorate of Aleppo and countryside ofLattakia and rural Idlib so that the number of beneficiaries was about 5000 patients and injured within three months.
The Wounded and Rehabilitation System Support:
The project provided support for the expenses of treating the wounded in neighboring countries in addition to supporting the recovery centers of the wounded and the rehabilitation centers (physiotherapy and artificial limbs) inside and in neighboring countries. The project contributed to solving the problem of the high costs of treatement for Syrians in Lebanon and Jordan because they are not fully covered by any humanitarian organization, especially with the large numbers of wounded in neighboring countries and the costs of their stay there, in addition to the large number of disabilities resulting from war injuries.
The project targeted the injured Syrians in Lebanon through support of the hospitals (Majdal Anjar – the artifical limbs project – surgical operations fund) in addition to the injured in Jordan by supporting the bills of treatment of the wounded Syrians in Makassed hospital. The number of beneficiaries was 250 injured in Lebanon and 100 others in Jordan.
Medical Supply System For Warehouses:
The project provided support to hospitals and medical centers with medicines and medical consumables. It also established medical stocks in the medical warehouses of each region, as well as the operating expenses of medical warehouses belonging to the health directorates. The project covered the continuous need for medicines and medical materials as a daily need, especially in the besieged areas. It also helped to meet the need for a reserve stock of medicines and medical consumables for working hospitals, especially in the besieged areas because of the difficulty of introducing them. The project targeted all the besieged areas in the countryside of Damascus and Homs in addition to the liberated areas of Idlib, Lattakia, Daraa and Quneitra. The number of beneficiaries was 200,000 persons.
Blood Bank and Laboratory System Support:
The project supported the operating expenses of blood banks or labs working inside Syria (cadres, fuel, and consumers) and supported the establishment of new reference laboratories and diagnosis of epidemiological cases. The importance of the project stemmed from the need to secure blood and its derivatives in large quantities because of the large number of wounded, in addition to the need to transfer safe blood after conducting the necessary tests to prevent the spread of serious diseases such as hepatitis, AIDS and syphilis. The project has provided diagnostic laboratory for various diseases, monitored in the ACU such as measles and poliomyelitis through the EWARN program. The number of those infected was about 200 per day, most of them needed blood transfusions due to heavy bleeding, in addition to the spread of many diseases and the urgent need for mosquitoes laboratory diagnostics, especially for communicable diseases and infectious. The project targeted the eastern besieged Ghouta in the countryside of Damascus in addition to the city of Aleppo and Idleb governorate.
EWARN Early Warning and Response Network Support:
The project supported the activities of the surveillance and early detection of epidemiological diseases in an epidemic, and thus responding properly to diseases and epidemics. The importance of the project stemmmed from the spread of many communicable diseases due to the deterioration of the health situation in light of the crisis, most notably poliomyelitis and measles, in addition to the absence of a reference side that has a full picture of the epidemiological reality inside Syria as well as weak response to epidemic diseases or non-directed response. The project targeted the seven northern governorates in addition to the eastern Ghouta in the countryside of Damascus and the governorates of Daraa and southern Quneitra in addition to the northern Homs countryside so that the entire population in the mentioned areas are beneficiaries of the project. The activities funded by the grant for the program amounted to $ 13,2400 and the project was implemented by EWARN.
The prolonged duration of the crisis has had a major impact on the education system throughout Syria, especially with the large number of Syrian children unable to access their right of education. According to the Humanitarian Response Plan for 2014, 3.9 million Syrian children need assistance within the education sector. 1.1 million children and girls are outside schools, as well as 1.26 million registered Syrian children, but are unable to attend regularly.
My Bag Project:
The projec of my bag to secure bags and stationery for students, especially in the primary stage in order to maintain the number of students working in schools and motivate the student to follow up and continue to learn, in addition to the student support the school equipment helps the teacher to perform and helps the people to bear the financial burdens, living in the targeted besieged areas in the governorates of Damascus, Homs and inaccessible areas in Daraa and Quneitra governorates. The number of beneficiaries in the governorates of Damascus and its rural areas reached more than 41,000 persons in addition to 30,000 beneficiaries in Homs, 10255 beneficiaries in Daraa and 3138 beneficiaries in Quneitra.
Educational Staff Grant Project:
The project provided a cash grant to the educational staff which do not receive any fixed salaries, especially in the besieged areas where the lack of salaries led to the concern of teachers and even students to find sources to secure their livelihood which was reflected on the educational situation. The project targeted the besieged areas in the governorates of Damascus and Homs through a grant of $ 100 for each teacher and administration to be eligible for the grant as well as a grant of $ 75 in the liberated areas of Daraa and Quneitra governorates, as well as targeting displaced schools in the Arsal district of Lebanon. The number of beneficiaries of the project was 213 teachers and administrators in Damascus governorate, 1504 in Damascus countryside, 483 in Daraa governorate, 135 in Quneitra governorate, 236 in Homs governorate and about 4000 beneficiaries in Lebanon.
School Maintenance and School Books Print:
The project was designed to secure the student’s requirementsof books, in addition to the school seats and bags. The project contributed to compensate the shortage of seats that led to overcrowded students’ seats and sometimes setting on the ground, leading to dropouts and low quality of education. The project also secured textbooks, which are the most important elements in the educational process. The number of students benefited from the textbooks was 6000 students while the number of students benefited from the seats was 8000 students distributed in 100 schools.
The suffocating siege imposed on the eastern Ghouta in Damascus countryside and the northern countryside of Homs prevented the students from obtaining the secondary school and university certificates which prove that they completed their academic years. This project has contributed to reducing the above mentioned problems by receiving students of high school and university students who have dropped out of their studies, to receive their scientific achievement in an renedial integrated context according to the prescribed curricula and graduate in specializations very close to the needs. The cost of the project was $ 16,787 distributed by 53% in the governorate of Damascus countryside and 47% in Homs governorate.
According to UN reports, 5 million Syrian children need support in various aspects of life. In addition, 1.5 million Syrian children need immediate intervention to receive treatment and psychological support to repair the gaps caused by the conflict and the scenes of killing and destruction as well as the insecurity in the areas of displacement created new problems for children. Women were not better off during the revolution than children because they experienced the most severe conditions of detention, displacement and murder. Therefore, it is important to provide safe haven for women affected by conflict to ensure their dignity and rights of dignified life. Efforts to alleviate the problems mentioned above through a number of projects:
The project contributed to empowering women and enhancing their role in the target communities through training courses that are divided into educational and vocational rehabilitation through the establishment of training courses for primary and junior high school teachers to cover the shortage of teaching staff and improve the efficiency of female teachers who have been out of work for a period due to the conditions of the target area. The number of qualified teachers after the end of training courses was 175 women. 20 women were also provided sewing sessions to enable them to sew their children’s basic clothing and meet the need for high prices of clothing, especially children’s clothing, as a result of the embargo, and to improve the living conditions of children and women. The project targeted several areas in the eastern Ghouta in the governorate of Damascus countryside, such as sqba, Ein Terma , Kafer batna and Jisreen.
Syrian Child Protection:
The project aimed at providing safe haven for orphaned children and their mothers, and providing primary psychological support for children. It also contributed to solving the problem of the lack of safe shelter for orphaned children and their mothers, in addition to its contribution to solving the problem of the lack of psychological support for these children especially in the besieged areas by securing a hosting house to receive orphans with their mothers in addition to the affected women. The project targeted the Yarmouk camp south of Damascus, in addition to the areas of Al-Rastan and Al-Hula in Homs governorate. The project benefited 700 women and children.
As a result of the attacks by the Syrian regime with explosive drums and using the infrastructure installations as military headquarters by the Syrian army to target civilians, including bombs and rockets, infrastructure such as electricity generation centers, irrigation systems, oil fields, refineries, bridges, government buildings, drinking water stations and water and sanitation networks. Through this grant, the ACU has implemented some projects that contributed to the maintenance and renovation of damaged infrastructure stations through:
Furnaces and Mills Support:
The project worked on the construction of new furnaces in the residential areas that do not contain bakeries to meet their needs of bread in addition to the project to establish mills that provide ovens with flour. A new furnace was equipped in the province of Quneitra by providing it with basic equipment in addition to the transfer of a kiln in the city of Ankhel in the province of Daraa and reactivating it. The project also provided Jupper in Damascuc with a mill. The project helped to solve the problem of bread and flour and reduce their prices.
Rehabilitation and Activation Of Drinking Water Pumped Stations and Maintenance of Drinking Water and Wastewater Networks:
The project worked on rehabilitating and activating drinking water pumped stations and maintaining drinking water and sewage networks, which were stopped because of the targeted shelling. The project contributed to the provision of potable water in the absence of money for the population to secure water and also contributed to reducing the population’s use of water sources, which is unknown and polluted.
The project targeted the besieged areas in Damascus, Damascus and Homs, in addition to Daraa Governorate, where the total number of beneficiaries was 221250.
Restoration of the Traction Channel Between the Dam of Nasiriyah and the Dam of Sheikh Miskin:
The project helped to support the agricultural process by rehabilitating the irrigation channel to deliver water to the large areas of Daraa after the part of the channel between the dam of Nasiriyah and Damara dam was destroyed in the Sukkariya area in Sheikh Maskin in Daraa governorate as a result of continuous shelling of the area. In Daraa governorate council implemented the project at a cost of $ 15,275. The project contributed to improve the agricultural sector in the targeted area.